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Title: Kantis: A new Australopithecus site on the shoulders of the Rift Valley near Nairobi, Kenya
Authors: Mbua, Emma
Kusaka, Soichiro
Kunimatsu, Yutaka
Geraads, Denis
Sawada, Yoshihiro
Brown, Francis H.
Sakai, Tetsuya
Boisserie, Jean-Renaud
Saneyoshi, Mototaka
Omuombo, Christine
Muteti, Samuel
Hirata, Takafumi
Hayashida, Akira
Iwano, Hideki
Danhara, Tohru
Bobe, René
Jicha, Brian
Nakatsukasa, Masato kyouindb researcher_resolver
Author's alias: 中務, 真人
Keywords: Pliocene
Hominin
Fossils
Carbon stable isotope
Paleoenvironment
Issue Date: May-2016
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Journal title: Journal of Human Evolution
Volume: 94
Start page: 28
End page: 44
Abstract: Most Plio-Pleistocene sites in the Gregory Rift Valley that have yielded abundant fossil hominins lie on the Rift Valley floor. Here we report a new Pliocene site, Kantis, on the shoulder of the Gregory Rift Valley, which extends the geographical range of Australopithecus afarensis to the highlands of Kenya. This species, known from sites in Ethiopia, Tanzania, and possibly Kenya, is believed to be adapted to a wide spectrum of habitats, from open grassland to woodland. The Kantis fauna is generally similar to that reported from other contemporaneous A. afarensis sites on the Rift Valley floor. However, its faunal composition and stable carbon isotopic data from dental enamel suggest a stronger C4 environment than that present at those sites. Although the Gregory Rift Valley has been the focus of paleontologists' attention for many years, surveys of the Rift shoulder may provide new perspective on African Pliocene mammal and hominin evolution
Description: ケニア・ナイロビ郊外で初めて発見されたアウストラロピテクス. 京都大学プレスりリス. 2016-03-24.
Rights: © 2016. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
The full-text file will be made open to the public on 1 May 2017 in accordance with publisher's 'Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving'.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/209815
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.jhevol.2016.01.006
Related Link: http://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ja/research/research_results/2015/160324_1.html
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