|Title:||Bulky high-mannose-type N-glycan blocks the taste-modifying activity of miraculin.|
Asada, Hidetsugu https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6255-4728 (unconfirmed)
|Author's alias:||小林, 拓也|
Yeast expression system
|Journal title:||Biochimica et biophysica acta|
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND: Miraculin (MCL) is a taste-modifying protein that converts sourness into sweetness. The molecular mechanism underlying the taste-modifying action of MCL is unknown. METHODS: Here, a yeast expression system for MCL was constructed to accelerate analysis of its structure-function relationships. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae expression system has advantages as a high-throughput analysis system, but compared to other hosts it is characterized by a relatively low level of recombinant protein expression. To alleviate this weakness, in this study we optimized the codon usage and signal-sequence as the first step. Recombinant MCL (rMCL) was expressed and purified, and the sensory taste was analyzed. RESULTS: As a result, a 2 mg/l yield of rMCL was successfully obtained. Although sensory taste evaluation showed that rMCL was flat in taste under all the pH conditions employed, taste-modifying activity similar to that of native MCL was recovered after deglycosylation. Mutagenetic analysis revealed that the N-glycan attached to Asn42 was bulky in rMCL. CONCLUSIONS: The high-mannose-type N-glycan attached in yeast blocks the taste-modifying activity of rMCL. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: The bulky N-glycan attached to Asn42 may cause steric hindrance in the interaction between active residues and the sweet taste receptor hT1R2/hT1R3.|
|Rights:||© 2010 Elsevier B.V.|
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|Appears in Collections:||Journal Articles |
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