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Title: Ab initio study of ferroelectric closure domains in ultrathin PbTiO_{3} films
Authors: Shimada, Takahiro  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Tomoda, Shogo
Kitamura, Takayuki  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: 嶋田, 隆広
Issue Date: Apr-2010
Publisher: The American Physical Society
Journal title: Physical Review B
Volume: 81
Issue: 14
Thesis number: 144116
Abstract: Ab initio density-functional theory calculations within the local density approximation were conducted to elucidate whether critical thickness for ferroelectricity intrinsically exists in free-standing polydomain PbTiO3 ultrathin films, where there was no screening effect of electrodes. The ferroelectric polydomain state was found to be energetically favorable over the paraelectric state even in the thinnest film one unit-cell thick, indicating no intrinsic critical thickness existed. The ferroelectric distortions in the film were stabilized by the formation of ferromagneticlike closure domains, because the surface charge, which caused a depolarizing field, was sufficiently screened by the in-plane aligned polarization at the surface. Further analysis of the covalent Pb-O bonding structure, which plays a central role in determining ferroelectricity in PbTiO3, revealed that the closure domain structure consists of the 180° as well as 90° domain walls.
Rights: © 2010 The American Physical Society
DOI(Published Version): 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.144116
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