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Title: Oxalate efflux transporter from the brown rot fungus Fomitopsis palustris.
Authors: Watanabe, Tomoki
Shitan, Nobukazu
Suzuki, Shiro  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Umezawa, Toshiaki  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Shimada, Mikio
Yazaki, Kazufumi  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Hattori, Takefumi
Author's alias: 服部, 武文
Issue Date: Dec-2010
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Journal title: Applied and environmental microbiology
Volume: 76
Issue: 23
Start page: 7683
End page: 7690
Abstract: An oxalate-fermenting brown rot fungus, Fomitopsis palustris, secretes large amounts of oxalic acid during wood decay. Secretion of oxalic acid is indispensable for the degradation of wood cell walls, but almost nothing is known about the transport mechanism by which oxalic acid is secreted from F. palustris hyphal cells. We characterized the mechanism for oxalate transport using membrane vesicles of F. palustris. Oxalate transport in F. palustris was ATP dependent and was strongly inhibited by several inhibitors, such as valinomycin and NH(4)(+), suggesting the presence of a secondary oxalate transporter in this fungus. We then isolated a cDNA, FpOAR (Fomitopsis palustris oxalic acid resistance), from F. palustris by functional screening of yeast transformants with cDNAs grown on oxalic acid-containing plates. FpOAR is predicted to be a membrane protein that possesses six transmembrane domains but shows no similarity with known oxalate transporters. The yeast transformant possessing FpOAR (FpOAR-transformant) acquired resistance to oxalic acid and contained less oxalate than the control transformant. Biochemical analyses using membrane vesicles of the FpOAR-transformant showed that the oxalate transport property of FpOAR was consistent with that observed in membrane vesicles of F. palustris. The quantity of FpOAR transcripts was correlated with increasing oxalic acid accumulation in the culture medium and was induced when exogenous oxalate was added to the medium. These results strongly suggest that FpOAR plays an important role in wood decay by acting as a secondary transporter responsible for secretion of oxalate by F. palustris.
Rights: © 2010, American Society for Microbiology
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
DOI(Published Version): 10.1128/AEM.00829-10
PubMed ID: 20889782
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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