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Title: Global dynamics above the ground state energy for the focusing nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation
Authors: Nakanishi, Kenji  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Schlag, W.
Author's alias: 中西, 賢次
Keywords: Nonlinear wave equation
Ground state
Hyperbolic dynamics
Stable manifold
Unstable manifold
Scattering theory
Blow up
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2011
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.
Journal title: Journal of Differential Equations
Volume: 250
Issue: 5
Start page: 2299
End page: 2333
Abstract: The analysis of global dynamics of nonlinear dispersive equations has a long history starting from small solutions. In this paper we study the focusing, cubic, nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation in R3 with large radial data in the energy space. This equation admits a unique positive stationary solution Q, called the ground state. In 1975 Payne and Sattinger showed that solutions u(t) with energy E[u, u˙ ] strictly below that of the ground state are divided into two classes, depending on a suitable functional K(u): If K(u) < 0, then one has finite time blow-up, if K(u) ≥ 0 global existence; moreover, these sets are invariant under the flow. Recently, Ibrahim, Masmoudi and the first author [22] improved this result by establishing scattering to zero for K[u] ≥ 0 by means of a variant of the Kenig-Merle method [25], [26]. In this paper we go slightly beyond the ground state energy and we give a complete description of the evolution in that case. For example, in a small neighborhood of Q one encounters the following trichotomy: on one side of a center-stable manifold one has finite-time blow-up for t ≥ 0, on the other side scattering to zero, and on the manifold itself one has scattering to Q, both as t → +∞. In total, the class of data with energy at most slightly above that of Q is divided into nine disjoint nonempty sets each displaying different asymptotic behavior as t → ±∞, which includes solutions blowing up in one time direction and scattering to zero on the other. The analogue of the solutions found by Duyckaerts, Merle [13], [14] for the energy critical wave and Schr¨odinger equations appear here as the unique one-dimensional stable/unstable manifolds approaching ±Q exponentially as t → ∞ or t → −∞, respectively. The main technical ingredient in our proof is a "one-pass" theorem which excludes the existence of (almost) homoclinic orbits between Q (as well as −Q) and (almost) heteroclinic orbits connecting Q with −Q. In a companion paper [31] we establish analogous properties for the NLS equation.
Rights: © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.jde.2010.10.027
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