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Title: 依存から「自律」へ --難民の自助的活動に関する人類学的考--
Other Titles: From Dependence to "Autonomy" of Refugees: An Anthropological Study on Refugees' Self-help Activities
Authors: 久保, 忠行  KAKEN_name
Author's alias: Kubo, Tadayuki
Issue Date: May-2010
Publisher: 京都大学東南アジア研究所
Journal title: Kyoto Working Papers on Area Studies: G-COE Series
Volume: 89
Start page: 1
End page: 20
Abstract: This paper aims to discuss on a process of achieving camp refugees' "autonomy" by analyzing refugees' self-help activities. Aid agencies such as International NGOs (INGO) provide development-oriented aid to refugees at a stage of protracted refugee condition. This approach aims to reduce the burden of INGOs as well as encourage refugees' self-support. At the Thailand-Burmese border refugee camps, INGO have prompted to set up Community Based Organizations (CBOs) as camp based, refugee-organized aid organizations, backed by financial support from INGOs. INGOs provide CBO staffs to method of management, how to organize groups. This development-oriented framework of aid also enlightens "universal" value such as democracy, freedom and equality to refugees. At a Thailand-Burmese border camp, this "universal" value has reached masses to a degree, now it is understood as "globalized culture". This "globalized culture" has dual meaning among refugees. It is said the core element of causing social problems. On the other hand, it is accepted as "development", which can be the way to solve social problems. A sense not being at home and strangeness living as refugees serve as driving force to set up self-organized CBOs, which are not being supported by INGOs. The social position of the self-organized CBOs shows a possibility of achieving refugees' "autonomy".
Rights: © 2010 京都大学東南アジア研究所
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