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Title: Displacement of conjugate points during a substorm in a global magnetohydrodynamic simulation
Authors: Saita, S.
Kadokura, A.
Sato, N.
Fujita, S.
Tanaka, T.
Ebihara, Y.  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Ohtani, S.
Ueno, G.
Murata, K.
Matsuoka, D.
Kitamoto, A.
Higuchi, T.
Keywords: numerical magnetohydrodynamic simulation
geomagnetic conjugate points
interplanetary magnetic field
Issue Date: Jun-2011
Volume: 116
Issue: A6
Thesis number: A06213
Abstract: We reproduce a magnetospheric reconfiguration under southward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) conditions using numerical magnetohydrodynamic simulations. To investigate the relative displacements of the geomagnetic conjugate points, we trace both footprints of the geomagnetic field lines during the magnetospheric reconfiguration under positive and negative IMF By conditions. Several substormlike features, namely, the formation of a near-Earth neutral line, a fast earthward flow, and tailward releases of the plasmoid, occur about 1 h after a southward turning of the IMF. The surveyed field line traced from the near-Earth magnetotail was strongly distorted duskward in the north and south after the substorm onset for positive and negative IMF By, respectively. The maximum of the relative longitudinal displacement of both footprints is 4.5 and 5.5 h in magnetic local time for positive and negative IMF By, respectively. While observational studies have indicated that the IMF orientation is the main factor controlling the relative displacement of the conjugate points, the present simulation-based study with a constant IMF orientation shows for the first time that the combined effects of plasma pressure, magnetic field intensity, and the field-aligned current density distribution along the field line are likely to be major factors controlling the relative displacement of conjugate points.
Rights: ©2011. American Geophysical Union.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1029/2010ja016155
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