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Title: Generation and calibration of transit hyperpaths
Authors: Schmöcker, Jan-Dirk
Shimamoto, Hiroshi
Kurauchi, Fumitaka
Keywords: Hyperpath
Choice set calibration
Discrete choice modelling
Smart card data
Bus network
Issue Date: Nov-2013
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Journal title: Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies
Volume: 36
Start page: 406
End page: 418
Abstract: This paper introduces a new discrete choice model aimed at describing behaviour of public transport passengers at stops. We assume that passengers choose a set of buses from which they take the first arriving. This leads to a nested model formulation in which the upper level (choice set formation) is based on utility maximisation. The lower level choice of a specific bus from the choice set is given by the frequency distribution of the bus arrivals. We further consider hyperpath characteristics in the choice set formulation which means that the utility of the choice set in general increases with the addition of further options due to a reduction in the reduced waiting time. We discuss model properties and apply our model to some selected OD pairs of the bus network of a local city in Japan where we could observe passenger behaviour due to the availability of smart card data. We find that choice sets vary fairly significantly between some passenger groups and discuss implications for transit assignment models.
Rights: © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/179796
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.trc.2013.06.014
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