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Title: Mechanisms for the formation of monomers and oligomers during the pyrolysis of a softwood lignin
Authors: Kotake, Takeo
Kawamoto, Haruo  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Saka, Shiro  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: 河本, 晴雄
Keywords: Lignin
Pyrolysis
Monomer
Oligomer
Molecular mechanism
Coniferyl alcohol
Issue Date: Jan-2014
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Journal title: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
Volume: 105
Start page: 309
End page: 316
Abstract: The formation of monomers and oligomers during the pyrolysis of softwood lignin has been studied with particular emphasis on the reactivity of coniferyl alcohol (CA), which is the anticipated product of the primary pyrolysis of lignin. Under the pyrolysis conditions (N2/250–350 °C/5 min), the lignin contained in Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) as well as the milled wood lignin (MWL) fraction gave the monomeric guaiacols, including CA, coniferyl aldehyde, dihydroconiferyl alcohol, isoeugenol and 4-vinylguaiacol. These products were similar to those obtained from the pyrolysis of CA, although the yields were much lower. The addition of an aprotic solvent, such as diphenoxybenzene (DPB), led to a substantial increase in the recovery of CA from its pyrolysis reaction, likely by inhibiting the formation of the quinine methide intermediates for the polymerization products, whereas the solvent effects were comparatively small for the lignin pyrolysis. Alternatively, the inclusion of a H-donor (1, 2, 3, 10b-tetrahydrofluoranthene) to the DPB led to a substantial increase in the yields of the monomers and oligomers from lignin. Based on the present data, the pyrolytic formation of the monomers and oligomers from the softwood lignin is discussed at the molecular level.
Rights: © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/180646
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.jaap.2013.11.018
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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