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Title: 地域に関連したPrimary Health Questionaire-9 症状陽性率の検討 : 玉樹(中国)、土佐町(日本)の比較
Other Titles: Positive Symptoms in Primary Health Questonnaire-9 According to the Regions : Comparison between Yushu(China) and Tosa Town(Japan)
Authors: 今井, 必生  KAKEN_name
山中, 学  KAKEN_name
石川, 元直  KAKEN_name
松田, 晶子  KAKEN_name
木村, 友美  KAKEN_name
福富, 江利子  KAKEN_name
陳, 玟玲  KAKEN_name
和田, 泰三  KAKEN_name
坂本, 龍太  KAKEN_name
石本, 恭子  KAKEN_name
王, 紅心  KAKEN_name
代, 青湘  KAKEN_name
奥宮, 清人  KAKEN_name
松林, 公蔵  KAKEN_name
Author's alias: Imai, Hissei
Yamanaka, Gaku
Ishikawa, Motonao
Matsuda, Akiko
Kimura, Yumi
Fukutomi, Eriko
Chen, Wen-ling
Wada, Taizo
Sakamoto, Ryuta
Ishimoto, Yasuko
Wang, Hongxin
Dai, Qingxiang
Okumiya, Kiyohito
Matsubayashi, Kozo
Issue Date: 20-Mar-2013
Publisher: 京都大学ヒマラヤ研究会・京都大学ブータン友好プログラム・人間文化研究機構 総合地球環境学研究所「高所プロジェクト」
Journal title: ヒマラヤ学誌 : Himalayan Study Monographs
Volume: 14
Start page: 52
End page: 58
Abstract: [Background] The way people feel bad is different according to the culture. Although group related bias named differential item functioning (DIF) is studied in various scales including depression scale, DIF has not been studied in primary health questionnaire-9(PHQ-9), which is translated into over 80 languages. We evaluated DIF of PHQ-9 at Yushu (China) and Tosa(Japan). [Methods] Among the participants of health check-up program (Yushu; n=184, Tosa; n=305), those who were positive in one of the two question depression screening questions were included in our study (Yushu; n=44, Tosa: n=132). Certified psychiatrist checked PHQ-9 and answers of each item were dichotomized. [Results] Positive rate in Q1 (interest loss), Q2 (depressed mood), Q4 (easy fatigability) and Q6 (self-reproach) were greater in Yushu compared with Tosa after adjustment of age. Positive rates in Q3 and Q4 were high in Tosa and those in Q1, Q2, Q4 and Q5 were high in Yushu. [Conclusion] DIF related to the regions were seen in Yushu and Tosa town. The contributing items to the diagnosis of major depression were different according to the region. As the phenotype of major depression could be different in each region, we should be aware of them in the diagnosis and intervention.
DOI: 10.14989/HSM.14.52
Appears in Collections:第14号

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