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Title: Hysteresis in the metachronal-tripod gait transition of insects: A modeling study
Authors: Fujiki, Soichiro
Aoi, Shinya  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Funato, Tetsuro
Tomita, Nozomi
Senda, Kei  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Tsuchiya, Kazuo
Issue Date: 15-Jul-2013
Publisher: American Physical Society
Journal title: Physical Review E
Volume: 88
Issue: 1
Thesis number: 012717
Abstract: Locomotion in biological systems involves various gaits, and hysteresis appears when the gaits change in accordance with the locomotion speed. That is, the gaits vary at different locomotion speeds depending on the direction of speed change. Although hysteresis is a typical characteristic of nonlinear dynamic systems, the underlying mechanism for the hysteresis in gait transitions remains largely unclear. In this study, we construct a neuromechanical model of an insect and investigate the dynamic characteristics of its gait and gait transition. The simulation results show that our insect model produces metachronal and tripod gaits depending on the locomotion speed through dynamic interactions among the body mechanical system, the nervous system, and the environment in a self-organized manner. They also show that it undergoes the metachronal-tripod gait transition with hysteresis by changing the locomotion speed. We examined the hysteresis mechanism in the metachronal-tripod gait transition of insects from a dynamic viewpoint.
Rights: ©2013 American Physical Society
DOI(Published Version): 10.1103/PhysRevE.88.012717
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