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Title: Next-generation survey sequencing and the molecular organization of wheat chromosome 6B.
Authors: Tanaka, Tsuyoshi
Kobayashi, Fuminori
Joshi, Giri Prasad
Onuki, Ritsuko
Sakai, Hiroaki
Kanamori, Hiroyuki
Wu, Jianzhong
Simkova, Hana
Nasuda, Shuhei  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Endo, Takashi R
Hayakawa, Katsuyuki
Doležel, Jaroslav
Ogihara, Yasunari
Itoh, Takeshi
Matsumoto, Takashi
Handa, Hirokazu
Author's alias: 那須田, 周平
遠藤, 隆
Keywords: wheat
chromosome 6B
genome sequencing
next-generation sequencing
Issue Date: Apr-2014
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Journal title: DNA research : an international journal for rapid publication of reports on genes and genomes
Volume: 21
Issue: 2
Start page: 103
End page: 114
Abstract: Common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is one of the most important cereals in the world. To improve wheat quality and productivity, the genomic sequence of wheat must be determined. The large genome size (∼17 Gb/1 C) and the hexaploid status of wheat have hampered the genome sequencing of wheat. However, flow sorting of individual chromosomes has allowed us to purify and separately shotgun-sequence a pair of telocentric chromosomes. Here, we describe a result from the survey sequencing of wheat chromosome 6B (914 Mb/1 C) using massively parallel 454 pyrosequencing. From the 4.94 and 5.51 Gb shotgun sequence data from the two chromosome arms of 6BS and 6BL, 235 and 273 Mb sequences were assembled to cover ∼55.6 and 54.9% of the total genomic regions, respectively. Repetitive sequences composed 77 and 86% of the assembled sequences on 6BS and 6BL, respectively. Within the assembled sequences, we predicted a total of 4798 non-repetitive gene loci with the evidence of expression from the wheat transcriptome data. The numbers and chromosomal distribution patterns of the genes for tRNAs and microRNAs in wheat 6B were investigated, and the results suggested a significant involvement of DNA transposon diffusion in the evolution of these non-protein-coding RNA genes. A comparative analysis of the genomic sequences of wheat 6B and monocot plants clearly indicated the evolutionary conservation of gene contents.
Description: コムギのゲノム配列の概要解読に成功 -コムギの新品種開発の加速化に期待-. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2014-07-24.
Rights: © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Kazusa DNA Research Institute.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1093/dnares/dst041
PubMed ID: 24086083
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