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dc.contributor.authorSakai, Maija
dc.contributor.authorMorisaka, Tadamichija
dc.contributor.authorIwasaki, Marija
dc.contributor.authorYoshida, Yayoija
dc.contributor.authorWakabayashi, Ikuoja
dc.contributor.authorSeko, Atsushija
dc.contributor.authorKasamatsu, Masahikoja
dc.contributor.authorKohshima, Shiroja
dc.contributor.alternative酒井, 麻衣ja
dc.description.abstractMother–calf interactions and the behaviors of mothers during separation from their calves were examined in four Commerson’s dolphin (Cephalorhynchus commersonii) mother–calf pairs. Four infants were observed: 56.8 h over 30 days from birth to 263 days of age, 36.9 h over 20 days from birth to 149 days of age, 10.4 h over 3 days from birth to 2 days of age, and 15.0 h over 3 days from birth to 2 days of age. All four pairs shared common characteristics in the rate and frequencies of mother–calf interactions and the behaviors of mothers during the first week of life. After the first week, individual differences in changes in the frequency of each behavior were observed. The three behaviors considered representative of maternal care (parallel swimming, synchronous breathing, and body-to-body contact) were frequently performed in the first week; thereafter, the frequencies declined. Separate behaviors of mothers were infrequent during the first week and increased with an increase in infants’ age. Bumping by infants increased with time, suggesting an increase in soliciting by calves and conflict between mothers and calves. The frequency of flipper-to-body rubbing also changed but in a complex manner, probably because the calves needed to learn how to perform this behavior from their mothers and because initiator and recipient of this behavior can be changed quickly.ja
dc.publisherSpringer Japanja
dc.rightsThe final publication is available at Springer via
dc.rightsThis is an open access article.-
dc.subjectCommerson’s dolphinja
dc.subjectCephalorhynchus commersoniija
dc.subjectMother–calf interactionja
dc.subjectSocial behaviorja
dc.subjectContact behaviorja
dc.subjectBehavioral developmentja
dc.titleMother–calf interactions and social behavior development in Commerson’s dolphins (Cephalorhynchus commersonii)ja
dc.type.niitypeJournal Articleja
dc.identifier.jtitleJournal of Ethologyja
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