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Title: Temporal change of EIA asymmetry revealed by a beacon receiver network in Southeast Asia
Authors: Watthanasangmechai, Kornyanat
Yamamoto, Mamoru  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4957-764X (unconfirmed)
Saito, Akinori
Maruyama, Takashi
Yokoyama, Tatsuhiro
Nishioka, Michi
Ishii, Mamoru
Keywords: EIA asymmetry
GRBR
Beacon receiver network
Southeast Asia
Equatorial ionosphere
Thermospheric meridional wind
Geomagnetic disturbances
Issue Date: 27-May-2015
Publisher: SpringerOpen
Journal title: Earth, Planets and Space
Volume: 67
Issue: 1
Thesis number: 623
Abstract: To reveal the temporal change of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) asymmetry, a multipoint satellite-ground beacon experiment was conducted along the meridional plane of the Thailand–Indonesia sector. The observation includes one station near the magnetic equator and four stations at off-equator latitudes. This is the first EIA asymmetry study with high spatial resolution using GNU Radio Beacon Receiver (GRBR) observations in Southeast Asia. GRBR-total electron contents (TECs) from 97 polar-orbit satellite passes in March 2012 were analyzed in this study. Successive passes captured rapid evolution of EIA asymmetry, especially during geomagnetic disturbances. The penetrating electric fields that occur during geomagnetic disturbed days are not the cause of the asymmetry. Instead, high background TEC associated with an intense electric field empowers the neutral wind to produce severe asymmetry of the EIA. Such rapid evolution of EIA asymmetry was not seen during nighttime, when meridional wind mainly controlled the asymmetric structures. Additional data are necessary to identify the source of the variations, i.e., atmospheric waves. Precisely capturing the locations of the crests and the evolution of the asymmetry enhances understanding of the temporal change of EIA asymmetry at the local scale and leads to a future local modeling for TEC prediction in Southeast Asia.
Rights: © 2015 Watthanasangmechai et al.; licensee Springer. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/201377
DOI(Published Version): 10.1186/s40623-015-0252-9
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