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dc.contributor.authorFrench, Aliceja
dc.contributor.authorAgha, Moutaz Alija
dc.contributor.authorMitra, Aniruddhaja
dc.contributor.authorYanagawa, Ayaja
dc.contributor.authorSellier, Marie Jeanneja
dc.contributor.authorMarion-Poll, Frédéricja
dc.contributor.alternative柳川, 綾ja
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-31T04:11:38Z-
dc.date.available2016-05-31T04:11:38Z-
dc.date.issued2015-11-25ja
dc.identifier.issn1662-5145ja
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2433/214310-
dc.description.abstractMost animals possess taste receptors neurons detecting potentially noxious compounds. In humans, the ligands which activate these neurons define a sensory space called “bitter”. By extension, this term has been used in animals and insects to define molecules which induce aversive responses. In this review, based on our observations carried out in Drosophila, we examine how bitter compounds are detected and if bitter-sensitive neurons respond only to molecules bitter to humans. Like most animals, flies detect bitter chemicals through a specific population of taste neurons, distinct from those responding to sugars or to other modalities. Activating bitter-sensitive taste neurons induces aversive reactions and inhibits feeding. Bitter molecules also contribute to the suppression of sugar-neuron responses and can lead to a complete inhibition of the responses to sugar at the periphery. Since some bitter molecules activate bitter-sensitive neurons and some inhibit sugar detection, bitter molecules are represented by two sensory spaces which are only partially congruent. In addition to molecules which impact feeding, we recently discovered that the activation of bittersensitive neurons also induces grooming. Bitter-sensitive neurons of the wings and of the legs can sense chemicals from the gram negative bacteria, Escherichia coli, thus adding another biological function to these receptors. Bitter-sensitive neurons of the proboscis also respond to the inhibitory pheromone, 7-tricosene. Activating these neurons by bitter molecules in the context of sexual encounter inhibits courting and sexual reproduction, while activating these neurons with 7-tricosene in a feeding context will inhibit feeding. The picture that emerges from these observations is that the taste system is composed of detectors which monitor different “categories” of ligands, which facilitate or inhibit behaviors depending on the context (feeding, sexual reproduction, hygienic behavior), thus considerably extending the initial definition of “bitter” tasting.ja
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfja
dc.language.isoengja
dc.publisherFrontiersja
dc.rights© 2015 French, Ali Agha, Mitra, Yanagawa, Sellier and Marion-Poll. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution and reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.ja
dc.subjecttasteja
dc.subjectinsectsja
dc.subjectaversiveja
dc.subjectpheromonesja
dc.subjectelectrophysiologyja
dc.subjectbehaviorja
dc.titleDrosophila bitter taste(s)ja
dc.type.niitypeJournal Articleja
dc.identifier.jtitleFrontiers in Integrative Neuroscienceja
dc.identifier.volume9ja
dc.relation.doi10.3389/fnint.2015.00058ja
dc.textversionpublisherja
dc.identifier.artnum58ja
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