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Title: Hospitalization risk factors for children's lower respiratory tract infection: A population-based, cross-sectional study in Mongolia.
Authors: Dagvadorj, Amarjargal
Ota, Erika
Shahrook, Sadequa
Baljinnyam Olkhanud, Purevdorj
Takehara, Kenji
Hikita, Naoko
Bavuusuren, Bayasgalantai
Mori, Rintaro
Nakayama, Takeo  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: 中山, 健夫
Issue Date: 19-Apr-2016
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Journal title: Scientific reports
Volume: 6
Thesis number: 24615
Abstract: This study aimed to assess the potential risk factors for lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI)-related hospital admissions in Mongolian children. A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in rural Mongolia in 2013, and 1, 013 mother–child pairs were included. Of the participating children, 38. 9% were admitted to hospital with LRTIs. Home smoking, low birthweight, being a male child, exclusive breastfeeding and healthcare-seeking behaviour showed substantial association with LRTI-related hospital admissions. Number of cigarettes smoked by family members showed a dose-response relationship and increased hospital admissions. Strategies to prevent second-hand-smoke exposure from adult smokers, especially inside the home, are crucial to preventing LRTI-related hospital admissions for children in Mongolia. Improving rates of exclusive breastfeeding and increasing birthweight have great potential to decrease the likelihood of children acquiring a LRTI. Educational initiatives are also necessary for women who are less likely to seek out care for their children's symptoms.
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit
DOI(Published Version): 10.1038/srep24615
PubMed ID: 27090182
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