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Title: Draft genome sequence of an inbred line of Chenopodium quinoa, an allotetraploid crop with great environmental adaptability and outstanding nutritional properties
Authors: Yasui, Yasuo  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Hirakawa, Hideki
Oikawa, Tetsuo
Toyoshima, Masami
Matsuzaki, Chiaki
Ueno, Mariko
Mizuno, Nobuyuki
Nagatoshi, Yukari
Imamura, Tomohiro
Miyago, Manami
Tanaka, Kojiro
Mise, Kazuyuki  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Tanaka, Tsutomu
Mizukoshi, Hiroharu
Mori, Masashi
Fujita, Yasunari
Author's alias: 安井, 康夫
三瀬, 和之
Keywords: Chenopodium quinoa
draft genome
inbred accession
Issue Date: 25-Jul-2016
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Journal title: DNA Research
Volume: 23
Issue: 6
Start page: 535
End page: 546
Abstract: Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (quinoa) originated from the Andean region of South America, and is a pseudocereal crop of the Amaranthaceae family. Quinoa is emerging as an important crop with the potential to contribute to food security worldwide and is considered to be an optimal food source for astronauts, due to its outstanding nutritional profile and ability to tolerate stressful environments. Furthermore, plant pathologists use quinoa as a representative diagnostic host to identify virus species. However, molecular analysis of quinoa is limited by its genetic heterogeneity due to outcrossing and its genome complexity derived from allotetraploidy. To overcome these obstacles, we established the inbred and standard quinoa accession Kd that enables rigorous molecular analysis, and presented the draft genome sequence of Kd, using an optimized combination of high-throughput next generation sequencing on the Illumina Hiseq 2500 and PacBio RS II sequencers. The de novo genome assembly contained 25 k scaffolds consisting of 1 Gbp with N50 length of 86 kbp. Based on these data, we constructed the free-access Quinoa Genome DataBase (QGDB). Thus, these findings provide insights into the mechanisms underlying agronomically important traits of quinoa and the effect of allotetraploidy on genome evolution.
Description: キヌアのゲノム配列の解読に世界で初めて成功 -優れた環境適応性や栄養特性の謎を解き活用への道を切り拓く-. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2016-08-08.
Rights: © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Kazusa DNA Research Institute. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact
DOI(Published Version): 10.1093/dnares/dsw037
PubMed ID: 27458999
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