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Title: Intraseasonal variations of water vapor and cirrus clouds in the tropical upper troposphere
Authors: Eguchi, Nawo
Shiotani, Masato  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: 塩谷, 雅人
Keywords: upper tropospheric water vapor
cirrus clouds
intraseasonal oscillation
Issue Date: 27-Jun-2004
Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Journal title: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Volume: 109
Issue: D12
Thesis number: D12106
Abstract: Space-time variations of tropical upper tropospheric water vapor and cirrus clouds associated with the intraseasonal oscillation (ISO) are investigated using data from the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) and the Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer (CLAES) on board the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS). Composite moisture and meteorological fields based on five ISO events selected in two boreal winters (1991–1993) are analyzed using 20–80 day band-pass-filtered data. At 215 and 146 hPa, wet anomalies with frequent appearance of cirrus clouds exist over the convective system and move eastward from the Indian Ocean to the central Pacific, suggesting a direct effect of convective activity up to this level. At 100 hPa, however, the moisture field seems to be indirectly affected by convective activity through the dynamical response to the convective heating. Dry anomalies are observed over the Indian Ocean around the developing stage and over the eastern Pacific around the mature-to-decaying stage of the ISO. Cirrus clouds are frequently found over the cold region located to the east of the convective system. These structures around the tropopause level are closely related to the eastward moving Kelvin and Rossby wave responses to the convective heating with the equatorial cold anomaly and with the subtropical anticyclonic gyres. Between the two gyres the easterly wind blowing through the equatorial cold region may cause dehydration through cirrus formation when the convective system develops over the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific. As the northern gyre intensifies, tropical dry air is transported to the subtropical Pacific and eventually to the equatorial eastern Pacific. It is suggested that the temperature and flow variations due to the coupled Kelvin-Rossby wave structure play an important role in dehydrating air in the tropical and subtropical tropopause region.
Rights: © 2004 American Geophysical Union. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1029/2003JD004314
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