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Title: Adiabaticity and gravity theory independent conservation laws for cosmological perturbations
Authors: Romano, Antonio Enea
Mooij, Sander
Sasaki, Misao
Author's alias: 佐々木, 節
Issue Date: 10-Apr-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal title: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume: 755
Start page: 464
End page: 468
Abstract: We carefully study the implications of adiabaticity for the behavior of cosmological perturbations. There are essentially three similar but different definitions of non-adiabaticity: one is appropriate for a thermodynamic fluid δPnad, another is for a general matter field δPc, nad, and the last one is valid only on superhorizon scales. The first two definitions coincide if cs2=cw2 where cs is the propagation speed of the perturbation, while cw 2=P/ρ. Assuming the adiabaticity in the general sense, δPc, nad=0, we derive a relation between the lapse function in the comoving slicing Ac and δPnad valid for arbitrary matter field in any theory of gravity, by using only momentum conservation. The relation implies that as long as cs≠cw, the uniform density, comoving and the proper-time slicings coincide approximately for any gravity theory and for any matter field if δPnad=0 approximately. In the case of general relativity this gives the equivalence between the comoving curvature perturbation Rc and the uniform density curvature perturbation ζ on superhorizon scales, and their conservation. This is realized on superhorizon scales in standard slow-roll inflation.We then consider an example in which cw=cs, where δPnad=δPc, nad=0 exactly, but the equivalence between Rc and ζ no longer holds. Namely we consider the so-called ultra slow-roll inflation. In this case both Rc and ζ are not conserved. In particular, as for ζ, we find that it is crucial to take into account the next-to-leading order term in ζ's spatial gradient expansion to show its non-conservation, even on superhorizon scales. This is an example of the fact that adiabaticity (in the thermodynamic sense) is not always enough to ensure the conservation of Rc or ζ.
Rights: © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license ( Funded by SCOAP3.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.physletb.2016.02.054
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