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Title: Losing Confidence Over Time: Temporal Changes in Self-Esteem Among Older Children and Early Adolescents in Japan, 1999-2006
Authors: Ogihara, Yuji
Uchida, Yukiko  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8336-2423 (unconfirmed)
Kusumi, Takashi  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7968-2304 (unconfirmed)
Author's alias: 荻原, 祐二
内田, 由紀子
楠見, 孝
Issue Date: 30-Aug-2016
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Journal title: SAGE Open
Volume: 6
Start page: 1
End page: 8
Abstract: We examined temporal changes in self-esteem among elementary and middle school students in Japan. Previous research has shown that self-esteem decreased among various sectors of the population, from middle school students to adults between 1984 and 2010 in Japan. However, it was unclear whether such temporal changes are also present at earlier stages of development (e.g., in elementary school) and in individual subgroups (e.g., each gender and developmental stage). Identifying such boundary conditions of temporal change will contribute to a better understanding of how cultures change over time. We analyzed representative and large-sample time-series data collected by the Japanese government in 1999 and 2006. Results showed that self-esteem decreased among elementary and middle school students regardless of gender and developmental stage. We suggest that from an early stage of development and among a broad range of the population in Japan, people’s general self-evaluations became more negative between 1999 and 2006.
Rights: © The Author(s) 2016. Creative Commons CC-BY: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/218395
DOI(Published Version): 10.1177/2158244016666606
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