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Title: Production of the Japan 30-m Land Cover Map of 2013–2015 Using a Random Forests-Based Feature Optimization Approach
Authors: Sharma, Ram
Tateishi, Ryutaro
Hara, Keitarou
Iizuka, Kotaro
Author's alias: 飯塚, 浩太郎
Keywords: land cover
random forests
multi-spectral
textures
mapping
high-resolution
Landsat 8
topographic
Japan
Issue Date: 20-May-2016
Publisher: MDPI AG
Journal title: Remote Sensing
Volume: 8
Issue: 5
Thesis number: 429
Abstract: Achieving more timely, accurate and transparent information on the distribution and dynamics of the world’s land cover is essential to understanding the fundamental characteristics, processes and threats associated with human-nature-climate interactions. Higher resolution (~30–50 m) land cover mapping is expected to advance the understanding of the multi-dimensional interactions of the human-nature-climate system with the potentiality of representing most of the biophysical processes and characteristics of the land surface. However, mapping at 30-m resolution is complicated with existing manual techniques, due to the laborious procedures involved with the analysis and interpretation of huge volumes of satellite data. To cope with this problem, an automated technique was explored for the production of a high resolution land cover map at a national scale. The automated technique consists of the construction of a reference library by the optimum combination of the spectral, textural and topographic features and predicting the results using the optimum random forests model. The feature-rich reference library-driven automated technique was used to produce the Japan 30-m resolution land cover (JpLC-30) map of 2013–2015. The JpLC-30 map consists of seven major land cover types: water bodies, deciduous forests, evergreen forests, croplands, bare lands, built-up areas and herbaceous. The resultant JpLC-30 map was compared to the existing 50-m resolution JAXA High Resolution Land-Use and Land-Cover (JHR LULC) map with reference to Google Earth™ images. The JpLC-30 map provides more accurate and up-to-date land cover information than the JHR LULC map. This research recommends an effective utilization of the spectral, textural and topographic information to increase the accuracy of automated land cover mapping.
Rights: © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/218640
DOI(Published Version): 10.3390/rs8050429
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