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Title: 聖地カトマンドゥ:諸宗教・観念の複合と変化 (特集3: 雲南懇話会からの寄稿)
Other Titles: Sacred Kathmandu: From a Historical Perspective (Special Issue 3: Contribution from the Yunnan Forum)
Authors: 石井, 溥  KAKEN_name
Author's alias: Ishii, Hiroshi
Issue Date: 28-Mar-2017
Publisher: 京都大学ヒマラヤ研究会; 京都大学霊長類学・ワイルドライフサイエンス・リーディング大学院; 京都大学ヒマラヤ研究ユニット
Journal title: ヒマラヤ学誌 : Himalayan Study Monographs
Volume: 18
Start page: 147
End page: 157
Abstract: There are numerous sacred places in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. They range from Hindu and/or Buddhist temples to open-field plots with crude stones (representing digu dyah or an agnatic-group deity). Deities of different origins converge on an image or an object in some cases, making it difficult to discern between various beliefs. Hindu and Buddhist deities, after introduced to Nepal (or Kathmandu Valley), acquired their proper places to settle, which people often considered holier than their original abode. For example, Pashupati along the river Bagmati was chosen as the seat for Shiva and was said to be holier than Varanasi. Various theories intended to make the Kathmandu Valley sacred. To place Narayan (Vishnu) temples in four directions of the Valley is a typical example. This kind of theorization seems to have begun in ancient times, flourished in the mediaeval period and continued to the early modern era. Some such theories of the latter era remained as mere theories found in written texts. Seen from the village level, such theories mainly constructed by urban elites look foreign to villagers' daily practices and belief. Nepal has been changing drastically after 1950. The increase of religious diversity has given rise to new sacred places, secular ideas has been gaining ground, and metamorphosis of sacred places began due to various reasons including the spread of tourism.
Description: 特集3: 雲南懇話会からの寄稿 = Special Issue 3: Contribution from the Yunnan Forum
DOI: 10.14989/HSM.18.147
Appears in Collections:第18号

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