このアイテムのアクセス数: 12

このアイテムのファイル:
ファイル 記述 サイズフォーマット 
pnas.1615880114.pdf9.65 MBAdobe PDF見る/開く
タイトル: Early 20th-century Arctic warming intensified by Pacific and Atlantic multidecadal variability
著者: Tokinaga, Hiroki  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Xie, Shang-Ping
Mukougawa, Hitoshi  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
著者名の別形: 時長, 宏樹
向川, 均
キーワード: early 20th-century Arctic warming
Pacific decadal variability
Atlantic multidecadal variability
ocean–atmosphere interaction
climate variability
発行日: 13-Jun-2017
出版者: National Academy of Sciences
誌名: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
巻: 114
号: 24
開始ページ: 6227
終了ページ: 6232
抄録: With amplified warming and record sea ice loss, the Arctic is the canary of global warming. The historical Arctic warming is poorly understood, limiting our confidence in model projections. Specifically, Arctic surface air temperature increased rapidly over the early 20th century, at rates comparable to those of recent decades despite much weaker greenhouse gas forcing. Here, we show that the concurrent phase shift of Pacific and Atlantic interdecadal variability modes is the major driver for the rapid early 20th-century Arctic warming. Atmospheric model simulations successfully reproduce the early Arctic warming when the interdecadal variability of sea surface temperature (SST) is properly prescribed. The early 20th-century Arctic warming is associated with positive SST anomalies over the tropical and North Atlantic and a Pacific SST pattern reminiscent of the positive phase of the Pacific decadal oscillation. Atmospheric circulation changes are important for the early 20th-century Arctic warming. The equatorial Pacific warming deepens the Aleutian low, advecting warm air into the North American Arctic. The extratropical North Atlantic and North Pacific SST warming strengthens surface westerly winds over northern Eurasia, intensifying the warming there. Coupled ocean–atmosphere simulations support the constructive intensification of Arctic warming by a concurrent, negative-to-positive phase shift of the Pacific and Atlantic interdecadal modes. Our results aid attributing the historical Arctic warming and thereby constrain the amplified warming projected for this important region.
記述: 20世紀前半の北極圏温暖化、遠く離れた海洋の温度上昇が影響 --現在の気候変化とは異なる北極圏温暖化メカニズムを発見--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2017-05-30.
著作権等: This is the accepted version of the article, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1615880114
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/226514
DOI(出版社版): 10.1073/pnas.1615880114
関連リンク: http://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ja/research/research_results/2017/170530_1.html
出現コレクション:学術雑誌掲載論文等

アイテムの詳細レコードを表示する

Export to RefWorks


出力フォーマット 


このリポジトリに保管されているアイテムはすべて著作権により保護されています。