|タイトル:||The importance of stabilizing PaCO<inf>2</inf> during long-term non-invasive ventilation in subjects with COPD|
|キーワード:||chronic respiratory failure|
home mechanical ventilation
partial pressure of carbon dioxide
|出版者:||Japanese Society of Internal Medicine|
|抄録:||Objective In subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the effect of partial pressure of CO<inf>2</inf> (PaCO<inf>2</inf>) alterations during long-term non-invasive ventilation (NIV) on continuance remains uncertain. We herein investigated the utility of PaCO<inf>2</inf> stability during long-term NIV as a prognostic outcome. Methods We retrospectively assessed data from 54 subjects with COPD who received long-term NIV. Theannual alteration in PaCO<inf>2</inf> during NIV was determined using a simple linear regression method for each subject who had at least two 6-month intervals of PaCO<inf>2</inf> data. Annual alterations in PaCO<inf>2</inf> during long-term NIV and probable confounders were examined, and long-term NIV discontinuation was the major outcome. Results Data from 37 subjects who met the criteria were analyzed. PaCO<inf>2</inf> during long-term NIV increasedslightly in 19 subjects (group 1, <2 mm Hg/y), and increased greatly in 18 subjects (group 2, >2 mmHg/y).In the multivariate modality model, smaller annual alterations in PaCO<inf>2</inf> (p=0.009) and lower PaCO<inf>2</inf> 6 monthsafter the start of long-term NIV (6 m-PaCO<inf>2</inf>) (p=0.03) were associated with a significantly higher probability of continuing NIV. The 2- and 5-year probabilities of continuing NIV were 89% and 66% for group 1 and 78% and 32% for group 2, respectively. Conclusion A lower 6 m-PaCO<inf>2</inf> and a lower annual alteration of PaCO<inf>2</inf> during long-term NIV are significant predictive variables for patients with COPD.|
|著作権等:||© 2015 The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine.|
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