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Title: Population synthesis of planet formation using a torque formula with dynamic effects
Authors: Sasaki, Takanori  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Ebisuzaki, Toshikazu
Author's alias: 佐々木, 貴教
Keywords: Planetary formation
Population synthesis
Type I migration
Issue Date: Mar-2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal title: Geoscience Frontiers
Volume: 8
Issue: 2
Start page: 215
End page: 222
Abstract: Population synthesis studies into planet formation have suggested that distributions consistent with observations can only be reproduced if the actual Type I migration timescale is at least an order of magnitude longer than that deduced from linear theories. Although past studies considered the effect of the Type I migration of protoplanetary embryos, in most cases they used a conventional formula based on static torques in isothermal disks, and employed a reduction factor to account for uncertainty in the mechanism details. However, in addition to static torques, a migrating planet experiences dynamic torques that are proportional to the migration rate. These dynamic torques can impact on planet migration and predicted planetary populations. In this study, we derived a new torque formula for Type I migration by taking into account dynamic corrections. This formula was used to perform population synthesis simulations with and without the effect of dynamic torques. In many cases, inward migration was slowed significantly by the dynamic effects. For the static torque case, gas giant formation was effectively suppressed by Type I migration; however, when dynamic effects were considered, a substantial fraction of cores survived and grew into gas giants.
Rights: © 2016, China University of Geosciences (Beijing) and Peking University. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NCND license (
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.gsf.2016.04.002
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