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Title: Directionally dependent horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratios of microtremors at Onahama, Fukushima, Japan
Authors: Matsushima, Shinichi  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8240-4305 (unconfirmed)
Kosaka, Hiroyuki
Kawase, Hiroshi  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: 松島, 信一
川瀬, 博
Keywords: Horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio
Directional dependency
Microtremor
Lateral heterogeneity
Onahama
Issue Date: 13-Jul-2017
Publisher: Springer Nature
Journal title: Earth, Planets and Space
Volume: 69
Thesis number: 96
Abstract: As observational evidence of 3-D microtremor horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratios (MHVRs), previous studies have shown that a significant directional dependency is observed in and around Uji campus, Kyoto University, Japan. This directional dependence is considered to be the result of 2-D basin structure. In this study, we observed microtremors around a strong motion observation site of the Port and Harbor Research Institute in Onahama, Japan, and found that directional dependence of MHVRs exists in some parts of the area around the site. The directional dependence is more apparent and has a higher dominant frequency, at around 5 Hz, relative to those observed in Uji, at around 0.5 Hz. We defined a parameter γ, which we refer to as the “directionally dependent coefficient” to indicate the magnitude of difference between the two orthogonal components which implies the directional dependence of the MHVRs. We rotated the axes and calculated γ for each angle and searched for the orientation that gave the largest γ at a point. Points for which the axis with larger MHVR amplitude among the two axes is oriented in the NS direction are aligned in the NS direction, while points for which the axis with larger MHVR amplitude is oriented in the EW direction are aligned in the EW direction. The distribution of points with large γ formed a T-shaped distribution. We calculated the analytical and numerical MHVRs in order to simulate the observed MHVRs and succeeded in showing the existence of a narrow wedge. From these results, we conclude that a wedge-like lateral heterogeneity exists in the shallow subsurface of the studied area, parallel to the direction of the axis of the larger MHVR amplitude.
Rights: © The Author(s) 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/227923
DOI(Published Version): 10.1186/s40623-017-0680-9
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