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Title: 課題動機づけにおける困難度情報が課題努力に及ぼす影響
Other Titles: The task motivational influences of task difficulty information on task effort
Authors: 市村, 賢士郎  KAKEN_name
上田, 祥行  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
楠見, 孝  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Author's alias: Ichimura, Kenshiro
Ueda, Yoshiyuki
Kusumi, Takashi
Keywords: task motivation
task effort
task difficulty
computer-based learning
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: 日本心理学会
Journal title: 心理学研究
Volume: 87
Issue: 3
Start page: 262
End page: 272
Abstract: Two studies were conducted to investigate the motivational influences of information about task difficulty on task effort. In both studies, an anagram task was used as the experimental task and task motivation was measured with rating scales. In experiment 1, 60 participants were presented anagrams labeled as “easy” or “difficult”, both of which were actually impossible to solve. Results revealed that participants low in intrinsic motivation put in more effort on anagrams labeled “easy” than “difficult”. In experiment 2, 60 participants were assigned to two groups (30 each) and task outcomes were manipulated (positive and negative). Results revealed that participants with positive outcomes could maintain task motivation and put in more effort on the challenging anagrams than those with negative outcomes. These results suggest that information about task difficulty can promote regulation of task effort and task motivation for sustained studying, especially for computer-based learning.
本研究では,課題困難度に関する情報が課題努力に及ぼす影響を課題動機づけとの関連から検討するために,2つの実験を行った。実験では,アナグラム課題を実験課題に用い,課題動機づけに関わる個人差変数を質問紙で測定した。実験1では,60名の参加者に対し,実際は解決不可能なアナグラムに“易しい”と“難しい”との表示をつけて提示した。結果,内発的動機づけが低い参加者は“易しい”と表示されている場合に,“難しい”と表示された場合よりも努力が促進された。実験2では,60名の参加者を,実験操作する遂行結果(ポジティブ群・ネガティブ群)によって,2つのグループ(n = 30)に割り当てた。結果,ポジティブ群では,ネガティブ群と比べて,課題動機づけが維持され,最も困難なアナグラムに対する努力も促進された。以上の結果から,特にコンピュータを利用した学習において,課題困難度に関する情報を用いることで,持続的な学習に必要な,課題努力や課題動機づけの調整を学習者に促せる可能性が示唆された。
Rights: © 2016 公益社団法人 日本心理学会
DOI(Published Version): 10.4992/jjpsy.87.15008
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