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Title: Hint, instruction, and practice: The necessary components for promoting spontaneous diagram use in students’ written work?
Authors: Manalo, Emmanuel  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Uesaka, Yuri
Keywords: Diagram use instruction
Skills practice
Spontaneous diagram production
Strategy use advice and encouragement
Written communication
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Springer, Cham
Journal title: Lecture Notes in Computer Science
Volume: 9781
Start page: 157
End page: 171
Abstract: This study investigated the efficacy of providing a hint, instruction, and practice in promoting spontaneous diagram use in the written work of 21 students undertaking an undergraduate course in education. The course required the students to regularly produce for homework a one-page explanation of what they had learned. In the first few weeks of the course, they rarely included diagrams in their explanations. Following a hint to use diagrams (provided as comment/feedback on their homework), diagram use significantly increased. When instruction in effective use of diagrams was provided, the level of diagram use maintained but did not increase. However, when practice in using diagrams was additionally provided, further significant increases in diagram use followed, which maintained over the ensuing weeks of the course. These findings suggest that to spontaneously use diagrams in their written work, students need to be provided a combination of advice, instruction, and practice in such use.
Description: [International Conference on Theory and Application of Diagrams] Diagrams 2016: Diagrammatic Representation and Inference
Rights: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in 'Lecture Notes in Computer Science'. The final authenticated version is available online at:
The full-text file will be made open to the public on 26 July 2017 in accordance with publisher's 'Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving'.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1007/978-3-319-42333-3_12
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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