Access count of this item: 46
|Title:||Microbial production of novel sulphated alkaloids for drug discovery|
|Author's alias:||片山, 高嶺|
|Journal title:||Scientific Reports|
|Abstract:||Natural products from plants are useful as lead compounds in drug discovery. Plant benzylisoquinoline alkaloids (BIAs) exhibit various pharmaceutical activities. Although unidentified BIAs are expected to be of medicinal value, sufficient quantities of such BIAs, for biological assays, are sometimes difficult to obtain due to their low content in natural sources. Here, we showed that high productivity of BIAs in engineered Escherichia coli could be exploited for drug discovery. First, we improved upon the previous microbial production system producing (S)-reticuline, an important BIA intermediate, to obtain yields of around 160 mg/L, which was 4-fold higher than those of the previously reported highest production system. Subsequently, we synthesised non-natural BIAs (O-sulphated (S)-reticulines) by introducing human sulphotransferases into the improved (S)-reticuline production system. Analysis of human primary cells treated with these BIAs demonstrated that they affected a biomarker expression in a manner different from that by the parent compound (S)-reticuline, suggesting that simple side-chain modification altered the characteristic traits of BIA. These results indicated that highly productive microbial systems might facilitate the production of scarce or novel BIAs and enable subsequent evaluation of their biological activities. The system developed here could be applied to other rare natural products and might contribute to the drug-discovery process as a next-generation strategy.|
|Rights:||© The Author(s) 2018. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Articles |
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