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タイトル: Farming cultivates a community-level shared culture through collective activities: Examining contextual effects with multilevel analyses.
著者: Uchida, Yukiko  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Takemura, Kosuke
Fukushima, Shintaro
Saizen, Izuru
Kawamura, Yuta
Hitokoto, Hidefumi
Koizumi, Naoko
Yoshikawa, Sakiko
著者名の別形: 内田, 由紀子
竹村, 幸祐
発行日: 2018
出版者: American Psychological Association (APA)
誌名: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
抄録: It has been suggested that the well-known cultural differences in interdependence across cultures are linked to economic activities, such as farming. However, the underlying processes of how such psychological tendencies are shared among people in a society has not been sufficiently investigated. This article addresses the multilevel processes of how psychological characteristics are shared among people. We focus on collective activities that go beyond the individual’s personal economic activities. Multilevel analyses on a large-scale survey (residents of Japanese communities, N = 7, 295) of 408 communities, along with a follow-up survey (N = 1, 714) of 86 communities, suggested that “concern for reputation” (one aspect of interdependence) was more prevalent in farming communities than in nonfarming communities, not only for farmers, but also for nonfarmers. Furthermore, multilevel mediational analyses suggested that, (a) the proportion of farmers in a community was positively associated with participation in collective activities (e.g., maintenance of community infrastructure) by both farmers and nonfarmers, and (b) this is in turn associated with increased levels of concern for reputation at the community level. Community-level longitudinal analyses revealed that collective activities promoted residents’ concern for reputation about two years later. These findings support our “collective activity” hypothesis, and demonstrate that interdependence can be constructed through social interaction via community activities. Fishing was associated with high levels of self-esteem and risk avoidance, and these effects were found only at the individual level. We conclude that economic activities affect social interaction, which in turn affects the multilevel processes of cultural emergence.
記述: 日本社会の「協調性」は農業地域で高く、その一因が「地域活動」にあることを見出しました. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2018-11-02.
著作権等: ©American Psychological Association, 2018. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: https://doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000138
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/234964
DOI(出版社版): 10.1037/pspa0000138
PubMed ID: 30382740
関連リンク: http://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ja/research/research_results/2018/181102_2.html
出現コレクション:学術雑誌掲載論文等

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