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タイトル: Cumulative culture in nonhumans: overlooked findings from Japanese monkeys?
著者: Schofield, Daniel P.
McGrew, William C.
Takahashi, Akiko
Hirata, Satoshi
著者名の別形: 平田, 聡
キーワード: Cumulative culture
Japanese macaque
Food processing
Traditions
Ethnography
発行日: Mar-2018
出版者: Springer Nature
誌名: Primates
巻: 59
号: 2
開始ページ: 113
終了ページ: 122
抄録: Cumulative culture, generally known as the increasing complexity or efficiency of cultural behaviors additively transmitted over successive generations, has been emphasized as a hallmark of human evolution. Recently, reviews of candidates for cumulative culture in nonhuman species have claimed that only humans have cumulative culture. Here, we aim to scrutinize this claim, using current criteria for cumulative culture to re-evaluate overlooked qualitative but longitudinal data from a nonhuman primate, the Japanese monkey (Macaca fuscata). We review over 60 years of Japanese ethnography of Koshima monkeys, which indicate that food-washing behaviors (e.g., of sweet potato tubers and wheat grains) seem to have increased in complexity and efficiency over time. Our reassessment of the Koshima ethnography is preliminary and nonquantitative, but it raises the possibility that cumulative culture, at least in a simple form, occurs spontaneously and adaptively in other primates and nonhumans in nature.
著作権等: © The Author(s) 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/234992
DOI(出版社版): 10.1007/s10329-017-0642-7
PubMed ID: 29282581
出現コレクション:学術雑誌掲載論文等

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