|Title:||Preferential proton conduction along a three-dimensional dopant network in yttrium-doped barium zirconate: A first-principles study|
|Authors:||Toyoura, Kazuaki https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8964-0511 (unconfirmed)|
Han, Donglin https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1692-8850 (unconfirmed)
|Author's alias:||豊浦, 和明|
|Publisher:||Royal Society of Chemistry|
|Journal title:||Journal of Materials Chemistry A|
|Abstract:||The atomic-scale picture of the proton conduction in Y-doped BaZrO₃ has theoretically been investigated using first-principles calculations on the basis of the nudged elastic band (NEB) method and the kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) method. In this crystal, protons mainly reside around Y dopants due to the electrostatic attractive interaction between the dopants and protons, which is well known as proton trapping. In the case of the typical doping level x ∼ 0.2 in BaZr₁₋ₓYₓO₃₋δ, the existence of Y–Y–Y triplets with a triangular configuration is an origin of the strong proton-trapping effect, in which protons are transferred in an oscillatory manner between two adjacent sites. The proton conduction behavior is however different from the conventional mechanism of trapping & detrapping applicable only to the case of dilute doping. At the typical doping level with dense dopants, protons preferentially migrate along the three-dimensional network of Y dopants throughout the crystal without detrapping. The preferential conduction pathways moderate the strong trapping effect of dense dopants, resulting in a minor reduction of the proton diffusivity and mobility in highly doped BaZrO₃.|
|Rights:||This is the accepted manuscript of the article, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1039/C8TA08283A.|
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|Appears in Collections:||Journal Articles|
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