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Title: Alternative Face-on Thin Film Structure of Pentacene
Authors: Shioya, Nobutaka  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Murdey, Richard
Nakao, Kazuto
Yoshida, Hiroyuki
Koganezawa, Tomoyuki
Eda, Kazuo
Shimoaka, Takafumi  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Hasegawa, Takeshi  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Author's alias: 塩谷, 暢貴
下赤, 卓史
長谷川, 健
Issue Date: 24-Jan-2019
Publisher: Springer Nature
Journal title: Scientific Reports
Volume: 9
Thesis number: 579
Abstract: Pentacene attracts a great deal of attention as a basic material used in organic thin-film transistors for many years. Pentacene is known to form a highly ordered structure in a thin film, in which the molecular long axis aligns perpendicularly to the substrate surface, i.e., end-on orientation. On the other hand, the face-on oriented thin film, where the molecular plane is parallel to the substrate, has never been found on an inert substrate represented by SiO₂. As a result, the face-on orientation has long been believed to be generated only on specific substrates such as a metal single crystal. In the present study, the face-on orientation grown on a SiO₂ surface has first been identified by means of visible and infrared p-polarized multiple-angle incidence resolution spectrometry (pMAIRS) together with two-dimensional grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (2D-GIXD). The combination of the multiple techniques readily reveals that the face-on phase is definitely realized as the dominant component. The face-on film is obtained when the film growth is kinetically restricted to be prevented from transforming into the thermodynamically stable structure, i.e., the end-on orientation. This concept is useful for controlling the molecular orientation in general organic semiconductor thin films.
Rights: © The Author(s) 2019. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit
DOI(Published Version): 10.1038/s41598-018-37166-6
PubMed ID: 30679681
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