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Title: Facial Expressions of Basic Emotions in Japanese Laypeople
Authors: Sato, Wataru
Hyniewska, Sylwia
Minemoto, Kazusa
Yoshikawa, Sakiko
Author's alias: 佐藤, 弥
嶺本, 和沙
吉川, 左紀子
Keywords: basic emotions
production of emotional facial expressions
FaceReader
prototypical expressions
scenario
Issue Date: 12-Feb-2019
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Journal title: Frontiers in Psychology
Volume: 10
Thesis number: 259
Abstract: Facial expressions that show emotion play an important role in human social interactions. In previous theoretical studies, researchers have suggested that there are universal, prototypical facial expressions specific to basic emotions. However, the results of some empirical studies that tested the production of emotional facial expressions based on particular scenarios only partially supported the theoretical predictions. In addition, all of the previous studies were conducted in Western cultures. We investigated Japanese laypeople (n = 65) to provide further empirical evidence regarding the production of emotional facial expressions. The participants produced facial expressions for six basic emotions (anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise) in specific scenarios. Under the baseline condition, the participants imitated photographs of prototypical facial expressions. The produced facial expressions were automatically coded using FaceReader in terms of the intensities of emotions and facial action units. In contrast to the photograph condition, where all target emotions were shown clearly, the scenario condition elicited the target emotions clearly only for happy and surprised expressions. The photograph and scenario conditions yielded different profiles for the intensities of emotions and facial action units associated with all of the facial expressions tested. These results provide partial support for the theory of universal, prototypical facial expressions for basic emotions but suggest the possibility that the theory may need to be modified based on empirical evidence.
Description: 日本人の表情がエクマンの理論とは異なることを実証 --世界で初めて日本人の基本6感情の表情を報告--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2019-02-14.
Rights: © 2019 Sato, Hyniewska, Minemoto and Yoshikawa. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/236469
DOI(Published Version): 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00259
PubMed ID: 30809180
Related Link: http://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ja/research/research_results/2018/190212_2.html
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