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Title: 近世日越通交の黎明
Other Titles: Dawn of the Japan-Vietnam Relationship in the Early Modern Period
Authors: 蓮田, 隆志  KAKEN_name
米谷, 均  KAKEN_name
Author's alias: Hasuda, Takashi
Yonetani, Hitoshi
Keywords: Japan-Vietnam relationship
early modern period
Nguyễn Cảnh Đoan
King of Annam
Issue Date: 31-Jan-2019
Publisher: 京都大学東南アジア地域研究研究所
Journal title: 東南アジア研究 = Japanese Journal of Southeast Asian Studies
Volume: 56
Issue: 2
Start page: 127
End page: 147
Abstract: This paper aims to clarify the early contact between Japan and Vietnam --both Tonkin and Cochinchina-- during the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries by investigating letters sent from Vietnam to Japan. In order to better understand the letters and their background, a paleographical approach is adopted. The oldest letter was sent from Tonkin by Nguyễn Cảnh Đoan, a high-ranking military officer residing in Nghệ An Province. The addressee, "King of Japan, " is a fictitious person, which indicates that Vietnamese officials did not understand contemporary Japan. Two entrepreneurs took advantage of this gap in knowledge to deceive Nguyễn Cảnh Đoan into sending the letter to a nonexistent King. The second and third letters were sent from Nguyễn Hoàng to Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Terasawa Masanari (a chief officer of Nagasaki), not to Tokugawa Ieyasu. From investigations of the format and terminology of these three as well as other letters, it is clear that both the Trịnh King and Nguyễn lords aimed to relativize the authority of the Lê emperor and to promote their status by arrogating the title of "An Nam Quốc vương (King of Annam)." The Tokugawa Shogun also utilized the exchange of letters with a foreign monarch to enhance his authority.
Rights: ©京都大学東南アジア地域研究研究所 2019
DOI(Published Version): 10.20495/tak.56.2_127
Appears in Collections:Vol.56 No.2

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