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Title: 3-D inversion of magnetic data based on the L1-L2 norm regularization
Authors: Utsugi, Mitsuru
Author's alias: 宇津木, 充
Keywords: L1-L2 norm regularization
3D magnetic inversion
Elastic net
Issue Date: 3-Jul-2019
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Journal title: Earth, Planets and Space
Volume: 71
Thesis number: 73
Abstract: Magnetic inversion is one of the popular methods to obtain information about the subsurface structure. However, many of the conventional methods have a serious problem, that is, the linear equations to be solved become ill-posed, under-determined, and thus, the uniqueness of the solution is not guaranteed. As a result, several different models fit the observed magnetic data with the same accuracy. To reduce the non-uniqueness of the model, conventional studies introduced regularization method based on the quadratic solution norm. However, these regularization methods impose a certain level of smoothness, and as the result, the resultant model is likely to be blurred. To obtain a focused magnetic model, I introduce L1 norm regularization. As is widely known, L1 norm regularization promotes sparseness of the model. So, it is expected that, the resulting model is constructed only with the features truly required to reconstruct data and, as a result, a simple and focused model is obtained. However, by using L1 norm regularization solely, an excessively concentrated model is obtained due to the nature of the L1 norm regularization and a lack of linear independence of the magnetic equations. To overcome this problem, I use a combination of L1 and L2 norm regularization. To choose a feasible regularization parameter, I introduce a regularization parameter selection method based on the L-curve criterion with fixing the mixing ratio of L1 and L2 norm regularization. This inversion method is applied to a real magnetic anomaly data observed on Hokkaido Island, northern Japan and reveals the subsurface magnetic structure on this area.
Rights: © The Author(s) 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1186/s40623-019-1052-4
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