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Title: Awe or horror: differentiating two emotional responses to schema incongruence
Authors: Taylor, Pamela Marie
Uchida, Yukiko  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Author's alias: 内田, 由紀子
Keywords: Awe
emotional appraisals
cognitive schema
Issue Date: 17-Nov-2019
Publisher: Informa UK Limited
Journal title: Cognition and Emotion
Volume: 33
Issue: 8
Start page: 1548
End page: 1561
Abstract: Experiences that contradict one's core concepts (e.g. of the world, people, the self) elicit intense emotions. Such schema incongruence can elicit awe, wherein experiences that are too vast to understand with existing cognitive schemata cause one to feel that schemata should be updated [i.e. a “need for cognitive accommodation” (NFA); Keltner & Haidt, 2003. Approaching awe, a moral, spiritual, and aesthetic emotion. Cognition and Emotion, 17(3), 297–314]. However, other emotional responses to schema incongruence, such as horror, have not been investigated. The current studies compared awe and horror to investigate if they are distinct emotional responses to schema incongruence. Study 1 observed significant differences between awe and horror in cognitive appraisals (e.g. certainty, legitimacy), indicating several areas of dissimilarity. Study 2 found evidence that awe and horror are both responses to schema incongruence, as schema incongruence and NFA were salient in awe and horror, but not a contrast emotion. However, awe and horror were elicited by different types of schema incongruence: awe by spiritual vastness, horror by extremity. Awe-eliciting experiences also appeared to be easier to assimilate than horrifying experiences, as NFA and uncertainty were significantly lower in awe than in horror. Differences in the functions of horror and awe are also discussed.
Rights: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in 'Cognition and Emotion' on 2019, available online:
The full-text file will be made open to the public on 06 Feb 2020 in accordance with publisher's 'Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving'
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1080/02699931.2019.1578194
PubMed ID: 30727825
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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