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Title: Tree Shape Classification and Land Management by Hausa Farmers in Sahel Region of Southern Niger
Authors: KIRIKOSHI, Hitomi
Keywords: Land degradation
Tree shape category
Tree management
Ecological knowledge
Issue Date: Sep-2019
Publisher: The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Journal title: African study monographs. Supplementary issue.
Volume: 58
Start page: 55
End page: 67
Abstract: Land degradation and drought result in food shortage and malnutrition in people in Sahel region, West Africa. This paper clarifies Hausa farmers' strategies to overcome ecological vulnerabilities based on their local ecological knowledge of tree species and shapes. Hausa people recognise tree shapes by eyesight and classify them into the following four categories: laubu, barau, matasi, and mayanci, in Hausa language. Laubu indicates small saplings, younger than one year, whose lower branches are not cut. Barau indicates over twoyear- old trees, whose branches are neither cut nor pollarded. Matasi represents small trees with pollarded branches. Mayanci represents big-trunk trees that are taller than millets. Laubu and barau are used for accumulating sand and preventing land degradation. Matasi is intended for crop protection from wind and solar heat. Mayanci provides shade for livestock and people. It also provides food for humans and fodder for livestock. The local farmers have ecological knowledge to manage forests by tree shape. They have innovative uses of trees for their millet fields, based on the soil condition and yield of their fields.
Rights: Copyright by The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, September 1, 2019.
DOI: 10.14989/244119
Appears in Collections:58(Agricultural Practices, Development and Social Dynamics in Niger)

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