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Title: 化粧品由来のポリフルオロアルキルリン酸エステル類の下水処理場における挙動および流入負荷量の推定
Other Titles: Behavior of Polyfluoroalkyl Phosphate Esters in Wastewater Treatment Plants and Estimation of Inflow Load Contributed by Cosmetics
Authors: 雪岡, 聖  KAKEN_name
田中, 周平  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
鈴木, 裕識  KAKEN_name
Chenghui, Zeng
北尾, 亮太  KAKEN_name
仲田, 雅俊  KAKEN_name
藤井, 滋穂  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: YUKIOKA, Satoru
TANAKA, Shuichi
KITAO, Ryota
NAKADA, Masatoshi
FUJII, Shigeo
Keywords: ポリフルオロアルキルリン酸エステル類 (PAPs)
Polyfluoroalkyl phosphate esters (PAPs)
Waste water treatment plant
Inflow load
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: 日本水環境学会
Journal title: 水環境学会誌
Volume: 41
Issue: 2
Start page: 27
End page: 34
Abstract: 本研究では1) 化粧品におけるポリフルオロアルキルリン酸エステル類 (PAPs) の存在実態の把握, 2) 下水処理場におけるPAPsの挙動の検討, 3) 化粧品由来のPAPsの流入負荷量の推定を目的とした。国内外の化粧品を23製品購入し, 2016年8月に5ヶ所の下水処理場を調査した。化粧品中のΣ3 diPAPs (6:2diPAP, 6:2/8:2diPAP, 8:2diPAP) は1, 030~58, 500, 000 ng g-wet⁻¹ であった。下水処理場におけるΣ3 diPAPsの濃度は最初沈殿汚泥で479 ng L⁻¹, 返送汚泥で269 ng L⁻¹ であり, その負荷量は生物反応槽前後で減少する傾向が示された。化粧品由来のΣ3 diPAPsの流入負荷量は67~1, 180 mg day⁻¹ であり, その流入負荷率は14±2%を占め, 化粧品由来のPAPsの負荷割合が明らかになった。The main objectives of this study were to investigate 1) the occurrence of polyfluoroalkyl phosphate esters (PAPs) in cosmetics and 2) the behavior of PAPs in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and 3) to estimate of the inflow load contributed by cosmetics. Cosmetic samples (n =23) were purchased in Japan and other countries, and field surveys in WWTPs (n =5) were conducted in August 2016. The total concentration of three types of diPAPs (6:2diPAP, 6:2/8:2diPAP, 8:2diPAP) detected in cosmetics were in the range of 1, 030 to 58, 500, 000 ng g-wet⁻¹. Fourteen diPAPs were detected in cosmetic samples by liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The concentrations of the three diPAPs were 479 ng L⁻¹1 in primary sedimentation tank sludge, 123 ng L⁻¹ in biological reaction tank effluent, and 269 ng L⁻¹ in return sludge. The total mass of the three diPAPs decreased in the biological reaction tank. The inflow load contributed by cosmetics was estimated from information on amount to use and population. The inflow load of Σ3 diPAPs ranged from 67 to 1, 180 mg day⁻¹, which contributed 14±2% of the total load. The findings reported in this study suggested that special attention should be paid to the above kinds of new emerging pollutants.
Rights: © 2018 公益社団法人 日本水環境学会
DOI(Published Version): 10.2965/jswe.41.27
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