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Title: Bacterial chemotaxis towards polysaccharide pectin by pectin-binding protein
Authors: Konishi, Hidenori
Hio, Mamoru
Kobayashi, Masahiro
Takase, Ryuichi  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7423-9407 (unconfirmed)
Hashimoto, Wataru  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0185-2371 (unconfirmed)
Author's alias: 小西, 英仁
日尾, 守
小林, 将大
髙瀬, 隆一
橋本, 渉
Keywords: Bacteriology
Polysaccharides
Issue Date: 4-Mar-2020
Publisher: Springer Nature
Journal title: Scientific Reports
Volume: 10
Thesis number: 3977
Abstract: As opposed to typical bacteria exhibiting chemotaxis towards low-molecular-weight substances, such as amino acids and mono/oligosaccharides, gram-negative Sphingomonas sp. strain A1 shows chemotaxis towards alginate and pectin polysaccharides. To identify the mechanism of chemotaxis towards macromolecules, a genomic fragment was isolated from the wild-type strain A1 through complementation with the mutant strain A1-M5 lacking chemotaxis towards pectin. This fragment contained several genes including sph1118. Through whole-genome sequencing of strain A1-M5, sph1118 was found to harbour a mutation. In fact, sph1118 disruptant lost chemotaxis towards pectin, and this deficiency was recovered by complementation with wild-type sph1118. Interestingly, the gene disruptant also exhibited decreased pectin assimilation. Furthermore, the gene product SPH1118 was expressed in recombinant E. coli cells, purified and characterised. Differential scanning fluorimetry and UV absorption spectroscopy revealed that SPH1118 specifically binds to pectin with a dissociation constant of 8.5 μM. Using binding assay and primary structure analysis, SPH1118 was predicted to be a periplasmic pectin-binding protein associated with an ATP-binding cassette transporter. This is the first report on the identification and characterisation of a protein triggering chemotaxis towards the macromolecule pectin as well as its assimilation.
Description: 植物多糖類を感知して接近する微生物の仕組みの一端を解明 --果皮廃棄物の有効活用へ期待--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2020-03-06.
Rights: © The Author(s) 2020. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/245908
DOI(Published Version): 10.1038/s41598-020-60274-1
PubMed ID: 32132546
Related Link: https://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ja/research-news/2020-03-06
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