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Title: Cultural Differences in Emotion Suppression in Belgian and Japanese Couples: A Social Functional Model
Authors: Schouten, Anna
Boiger, Michael
Kirchner-Häusler, Alexander
Uchida, Yukiko  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8336-2423 (unconfirmed)
Mesquita, Batja
Author's alias: 内田, 由紀子
Keywords: culture
close relationships
emotion suppression
emotion
conflict resolution
Issue Date: 27-May-2020
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Journal title: Frontiers in Psychology
Volume: 11
Thesis number: 1048
Abstract: Emotion suppression has been found to have negative psychological and social consequences in Western cultural contexts. Yet, in some other cultural contexts, emotion suppression is less likely to have negative consequences; relatedly, emotion suppression is also more common in those East-Asian cultural contexts. In a dyadic conflict study, we aim to (a) conceptually replicate cultural differences found in previous research with respect to the prevalence and consequences of emotion suppression, and (b) extend previous research by testing whether cultural differences are larger for some than for other types of negative emotions. We postulate that cultural differences in suppression are less pronounced for socially engaging emotions (e.g., guilt) than socially disengaging emotions (e.g., anger), because the former foster the relationship, whereas the latter emphasize individual goals. Belgian (N = 58) and Japanese (N = 80) couples engaged in a 10-min conflict interaction followed by video-mediated recall, during which participants rated their emotions and emotion suppression every 30 s. As predicted, Japanese participants reported more suppression than their Belgian counterparts, but the cultural difference was more pronounced when participants experienced more socially disengaging emotions than when they experienced more socially engaging emotions. These results suggest that the type of emotion should be considered when describing cultural differences in emotion suppression. Finally, and consistent with previous research, emotion suppression was negatively associated with interaction outcomes (i.e., conflict resolution) in Belgian couples, but not in Japanese couples.
Rights: © 2020 Schouten, Boiger, Kirchner-Häusler, Uchida and Mesquita. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/253539
DOI(Published Version): 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01048
PubMed ID: 32670134
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