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Title: Biogeography of marine giant viruses reveals their interplay with eukaryotes and ecological functions
Authors: Endo, Hisashi  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Blanc-Mathieu, Romain
Li, Yanze
Salazar, Guillem
Henry, Nicolas
Labadie, Karine
de Vargas, Colomban
Sullivan, Matthew B.
Bowler, Chris
Wincker, Patrick
Karp-Boss, Lee
Sunagawa, Shinichi
Ogata, Hiroyuki  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Author's alias: 遠藤, 寿
緒方, 博之
Keywords: Biodiversity
Microbial ecology
Molecular ecology
Issue Date: Dec-2020
Publisher: Springer Nature
Journal title: Nature Ecology & Evolution
Volume: 4
Issue: 12
Start page: 1639
End page: 1649
Abstract: Nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses (NCLDVs) are ubiquitous in marine environments and infect diverse eukaryotes. However, little is known about their biogeography and ecology in the ocean. By leveraging the Tara Oceans pole-to-pole metagenomic data set, we investigated the distribution of NCLDVs across size fractions, depths and biomes, as well as their associations with eukaryotic communities. Our analyses reveal a heterogeneous distribution of NCLDVs across oceans, and a higher proportion of unique NCLDVs in the polar biomes. The community structures of NCLDV families correlate with specific eukaryotic lineages, including many photosynthetic groups. NCLDV communities are generally distinct between surface and mesopelagic zones, but at some locations they exhibit a high similarity between the two depths. This vertical similarity correlates to surface phytoplankton biomass but not to physical mixing processes, which suggests a potential role of vertical transport in structuring mesopelagic NCLDV communities. These results underscore the importance of the interactions between NCLDVs and eukaryotes in biogeochemical processes in the ocean.
Description: 海洋巨大ウイルスの地理的分布を全球規模で解明 --海域による特異性が明らかに--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2020-09-08.
Rights: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in 'Nature Ecology & Evolution'. The final authenticated version is available online at:
The full-text file will be made open to the public on 07 September 2021 in accordance with publisher's 'Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving'
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1038/s41559-020-01288-w
PubMed ID: 32895519
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