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Title: Environmental Resource Scarcity and Peaceful Co-existence between Refugees and Host Communities in Uganda
Authors: Miura, Ken  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Tabata, Yuki
Keywords: refugees
natural resource sharing
social integration
Issue Date: 16-May-2022
Publisher: Division of Natural Resource Economics, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University
Journal title: NRE-DP: Natural Resource Economics Discussion Papers
Volume: 2022-01
Start page: 1
End page: 50
Abstract: The Ugandan government has established refugee settlements near local communities. The literature highlights a progressive refugee policy, called the “Uganda Model, ” that brings economic benefits to host communities. However, geographical proximity may invite resource competition, impeding social integration. Using data from refugee households, this study tests whether population pressure on the resource base drives refugee-host tension. Results show that refugees with limited access to agricultural land and firewood negatively perceive interactions with the host population. This empirical pattern is particularly salient in the West Nile region, where resource scarcity is a mounting concern due to the recent influx of South Sudanese refugees. In contrast, we find no such evidence for water accessibility, except for refugees using public wells in the South West region. Overall, our empirical analyses suggest that refugees’ poor access to environmental resources is a potential source of local conflict under the Uganda Model. Thus, the peaceful co-existence of refugees and host communities requires efficient resource sharing and management schemes in refugee-hosting areas.
Description: Natural Resource Economics Discussion Papers are preliminary research reports by members of the GSA-NRE Kyoto University circulated for comments and suggestions. They have not been externally peer-reviewed or been subject to the review by the editorial board.
Rights: All rights are reserved by the authors.
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