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Title: Cultures Crossing: The Power of Habit in Delaying Gratification
Authors: Yanaoka, Kaichi
Michaelson, Laura E.
Guild, Ryan Mori
Dostart, Grace
Yonehiro, Jade
Saito, Satoru
Munakata, Yuko
Author's alias: 柳岡, 開地
齊藤, 智
Keywords: Delay of gratification
Self-control
Habit
Culture
Children
Open data
Open materials
Preregistered
Issue Date: Jul-2022
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Journal title: Psychological Science
Volume: 33
Issue: 7
Start page: 1172
End page: 1181
Abstract: Resisting immediate temptations in favor of larger later rewards predicts academic success, socioemotional competence, and health. These links with delaying gratification appear from early childhood and have been explained by cognitive and social factors that help override tendencies toward immediate gratification. However, some tendencies may actually promote delaying gratification. We assessed children’s delaying gratification for different rewards across two cultures that differ in customs around waiting. Consistent with our preregistered prediction, results showed that children in Japan (n = 80) delayed gratification longer for food than for gifts, whereas children in the United States (n = 58) delayed longer for gifts than for food. This interaction may reflect cultural differences: Waiting to eat is emphasized more in Japan than in the United States, whereas waiting to open gifts is emphasized more in the United States than in Japan. These findings suggest that culturally specific habits support delaying gratification, providing a new way to understand why individuals delay gratification and why this behavior predicts life success.
Description: 子どもの満足遅延を習慣が支える --マシュマロとプレゼント、長く「待てる」のはどっち?--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2022-07-21.
Rights: This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the final, authoritative version of the article. The final article is available via https://doi.org/10.1177/09567976221074650. Yanaoka, K., Michaelson, L. E., Guild, R. M., Dostart, G., Yonehiro, J., Saito, S., & Munakata, Y. (2022). Cultures crossing: The power of habit in delaying gratification. Psychological Science, 33(7), 1172–1181. © The Author(s) 2022
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/275595
DOI(Published Version): 10.1177/09567976221074650
PubMed ID: 35749259
Related Link: https://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ja/research-news/2022-07-21-1
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