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dc.contributor.authorNakabayashi, Miyabien
dc.contributor.authorKanamori, Tomokoen
dc.contributor.authorMatsukawa, Aoien
dc.contributor.authorTangah, Josephen
dc.contributor.authorTuuga, Augustineen
dc.contributor.authorMalim, Peter T.en
dc.contributor.authorBernard, Henryen
dc.contributor.authorAhmad, Abdul Hamiden
dc.contributor.authorMatsuda, Ikkien
dc.contributor.authorHanya, Goroen
dc.contributor.alternative中林, 雅ja
dc.contributor.alternative金森, 朝子ja
dc.contributor.alternative松川, あおいja
dc.contributor.alternative松田, 一希ja
dc.contributor.alternative半谷, 吾郎ja
dc.date.accessioned2022-09-01T02:29:32Z-
dc.date.available2022-09-01T02:29:32Z-
dc.date.issued2021-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2433/276064-
dc.description.abstractTo propose proper conservation measures and to elucidate coexistence mechanisms of sympatric carnivore species, we assessed temporal activity patterns of the sympatric carnivore species using 37, 379 photos collected for more than 3 years at three study sites in Borneo. We categorized activity patterns of nine carnivore species (one bear, three civets, two felids, one skunk, one mustelid, one linsang) by calculating the photo-capturing proportions at each time period (day, night, twilight). We then evaluated temporal activity overlaps by calculating the overlap coefficients. We identified six nocturnal (three civets, one felid, one skunk, one linsang), two diurnal (one felid, one mustelid), and one cathemeral (bear) species. Temporal activity overlaps were high among the nocturnal species. The two felid species possessing morphological and ecological similarities exhibited clear temporal niche segregation, but the three civet species with similar morphology and ecology did not. Broad dietary breadth may compensate for the high temporal niche overlaps among the nocturnal species. Despite the high species richness of Bornean carnivores, almost half are threatened with extinction. By comparing individual radio-tracking and our data, we propose that a long-term study of at least 2 or 3 years is necessary to understand animals’ temporal activity patterns, especially for sun bears and civets, by camera-trapping and to establish effective protection measures.en
dc.language.isoeng-
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2021en
dc.rightsThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/-
dc.subjectBiological techniquesen
dc.subjectEcologyen
dc.subjectEvolutionen
dc.subjectZoologyen
dc.titleTemporal activity patterns suggesting niche partitioning of sympatric carnivores in Borneo, Malaysiaen
dc.typejournal article-
dc.type.niitypeJournal Article-
dc.identifier.jtitleScientific Reportsen
dc.identifier.volume11-
dc.relation.doi10.1038/s41598-021-99341-6-
dc.textversionpublisher-
dc.identifier.artnum19819-
dc.identifier.pmid34615956-
dcterms.accessRightsopen access-
datacite.awardNumber22687002-
datacite.awardNumber26711027-
datacite.awardNumber19H03308-
datacite.awardNumber17K15285-
datacite.awardNumber20K15555-
datacite.awardNumber.urihttps://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-22687002/-
datacite.awardNumber.urihttps://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-26711027/-
datacite.awardNumber.urihttps://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-19H03308/-
datacite.awardNumber.urihttps://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-17K15285/-
datacite.awardNumber.urihttps://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-20K15555/-
dc.identifier.eissn2045-2322-
jpcoar.funderName日本学術振興会ja
jpcoar.funderName日本学術振興会ja
jpcoar.funderName日本学術振興会ja
jpcoar.funderName日本学術振興会ja
jpcoar.funderName日本学術振興会ja
jpcoar.awardTitle東南アジア熱帯林での一斉結実に対する大型動物の反応ja
jpcoar.awardTitle父系重層社会の解明:テングザル・雄グループの生活史ja
jpcoar.awardTitle霊長類の味覚受容体と消化管共生細菌の共進化:多種共存機構再考の新しいアプローチja
jpcoar.awardTitle森林の空洞化により熱帯雨林生態系キーストーン植物イチジクが受ける影響の評価ja
jpcoar.awardTitle大型動物を喪失した熱帯雨林における大型種子をつける植物の種子散布の現状ja
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