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Title: Retrieval stopping can reduce distress from aversive memories
Authors: Nishiyama, Satoru
Saito, Satoru
Author's alias: 西山, 慧
齊藤, 智
Keywords: Retrieval stopping
Emotion regulation
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal title: Cognition and Emotion
Volume: 36
Issue: 5
Start page: 957
End page: 974
Abstract: Aversive memories have the potential to impair one’s psychological well-being. It is desirable to reduce the anguish over such memories, as well as the chance that they will be retrieved. In two experiments, we investigated whether retrieval stopping reduces the distress elicited by negative memories retrieved from cues and how the effects of retrieval stopping are modulated by mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety. Participants engaged in retrieval stopping of aversive scene memories without any diversionary thoughts (direct suppression, Experiment 1) or with diversionary positive thoughts (thought substitution, Experiment 2). Direct suppression reduced arousal elicited by the retrieval of aversive memories, while thought substitution did not only reduce arousal but also increased positive valence. Self-reported anxious/depressive symptoms negatively modulated the effects of direct suppression. For no or mild anxious/depressed individuals, direct suppression alleviated negative valence and high arousal when retrieving aversive memories. The negative relationship was not observed between the severity of the symptoms and the effect of thought substitution. These findings suggest that both retrieval stopping strategies can reduce distress from aversive memories.
Rights: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Cognition and Emotion on 30 Apr 2022, available at:
The full-text file will be made open to the public on 30 Apr 2023 in accordance with publisher's 'Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving'.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
DOI(Published Version): 10.1080/02699931.2022.2071845
PubMed ID: 35491678
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