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Title: <実践報告>自閉スペクトラム症児のTRPG活動における会話の促進とゲームマスターの役割
Other Titles: <Case Reports>Facilitating Conversation and the Role of the Game Master in TRPG Activities for Children on the Autism Spectrum
Authors: 原田, 裕介  KAKEN_name
加藤, 浩平  KAKEN_name  orcid (unconfirmed)
藤野, 博  KAKEN_name
Author's alias: Harada, Yūsuke
Katō, Kōhei
Fujino, Hiroshi
Keywords: 自閉スペクトラム症(ASD)
Autism (ASD)
communication support
conversation analysis
Game Master (GM)
Table Talk Role-playing Games (TRPG)
Issue Date: 30-Sep-2022
Publisher: 日本RPG学研究会
Journal title: RPG学研究
Volume: 3
Start page: 14
End page: 32
Abstract: これまで自閉スペクトラム症(ASD)児を対象とするTRPGを用いた実践研究より, ASD児の会話が促進されることが報告されてきたが, 会話促進におけるゲームマスター(GM)の役割については検討がなされていない. 本研究では, ASD児4名を対象にGMのTRPG活動中の発言と参加児の発言の関係およびASD児が自発的かつ協調的に他児との会話を進めていくためのGMの有効な介入方法について, 会話分析の手法などを用いて量的・質的に検討した. 分析の結果から, GMが参加者の一人としてゲームを進めていくための有効な示唆を与えており, そのことに参加児が気づき, 全体でゲームを楽しむ形で会話促進がされており, SSTなどとのアプローチの違いなどが示唆された.
Practical studies using Table Talk Role-Playing Games (TRPGs) targeting children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) showed how these games promote conversation amongst the children. However, the role of the game master (GM) in facilitating conversation has not been examined. In this study, we quantitatively and qualitatively examined the relationship between the GM's comments during TRPG activities and the participant children's statements. Using conversation analysis methods, we examined the effectiveness of GM interventions in assisting children with ASD to proceed with conversations voluntarily and cooperatively. The results showed that the GM, as one of the participants, provided effective suggestions for the children to proceed with the game. The children noticed this and enjoyed the game as a whole, suggesting the difference in our approach from SST and other methods.
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
DOI: 10.14989/jarps_3_14
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Appears in Collections:Issue 3: The Master with a Thousand Faces: Game Mastering, Organizing, Plotting, and Running Analog Role-Playing Games

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