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Title: Genome Analysis Revives a Forgotten Hybrid Crop Edo-dokoro in the Genus Dioscorea
Authors: Natsume, Satoshi
Sugihara, Yu
Kudoh, Aoi
Oikawa, Kaori
Shimizu, Motoki
Ishikawa, Yuko
Nishihara, Masahiro
Abe, Akira
Innan, Hideki
Terauchi, Ryohei
Author's alias: 夏目, 俊
杉原, 優
工藤, 葵
及川, 香梨
清水, 元樹
石川, 裕⼦
西原, 昌宏
阿部, 陽
印南, 秀樹
寺内, 良平
Keywords: Domestication
Genetic resource
Genome
Hybrid
Minor crop
Yam
Issue Date: Nov-2022
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists
Journal title: Plant and Cell Physiology
Volume: 63
Issue: 11
Start page: 1667
End page: 1678
Abstract: A rhizomatous Dioscorea crop “Edo-dokoro” was described in old records of Japan, but its botanical identify has not been characterized. We found that Edo-dokoro is still produced by four farmers in Tohoku-machi of Aomori Prefecture, Japan. Rhizomes of Edo-dokoro are a delicacy to the local people and are sold in the markets. Morphological characters of Edo-dokoro suggest its hybrid origin between the two species, D. tokoro and D. tenuipes. Genome analysis revealed that Edo-dokoro is likely originated by hybridization of a male D. tokoro to a female D. tenuipes, followed by a backcross with a male plant of D. tokoro. Edo-dokoro is a typical minor crop possibly maintained for more than 300 years but now almost forgotten from the public. We hypothesize that there are many such uncharacterized genetic heritages passed over generations by small scale farmers that await serious scientific investigation for future use and improvement by using modern genomics information.
Description: 忘れられた作物「えどどころ」の起原 --ゲノム解析が明らかにする青森県三八上北地域に残る栽培イモの歴史--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2022-08-10.
Rights: © The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/277465
DOI(Published Version): 10.1093/pcp/pcac109
PubMed ID: 35876055
Related Link: https://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ja/research-news/2022-08-10-8
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