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Title: 泌尿器科周術期における抗菌薬の使用方法についてのアンケート報告
Other Titles: Questionnaire survey on the theory of antimicrobial prophylaxis in urologic surgery
Authors: 山本, 新吾  KAKEN_name
金丸, 聰淳  KAKEN_name
小川, 修  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
石川, 清仁  KAKEN_name
星長, 清隆  KAKEN_name
岩村, 正嗣  KAKEN_name
佐藤, 威文  KAKEN_name
馬場, 志郎  KAKEN_name
松川, 雅則  KAKEN_name
竹山, 康  KAKEN_name
塚本, 泰司  KAKEN_name
清田, 浩  KAKEN_name
小野寺, 昭一  KAKEN_name
頴川, 晋  KAKEN_name
門田, 晃一  KAKEN_name
公文, 裕巳  KAKEN_name
江頭, 稔久  KAKEN_name
内藤, 誠二  KAKEN_name
田中, 一志  KAKEN_name
荒川, 創一  KAKEN_name
守殿, 貞夫  KAKEN_name
安田, 満  KAKEN_name
石原, 哲  KAKEN_name
出口, 隆  KAKEN_name
山田, 陽司  KAKEN_name
村谷, 哲郎  KAKEN_name
松本, 哲朗  KAKEN_name
Author's alias: Yamamoto, Shingo
Kanamaru, Sojun
Ogawa, Osamu
Monden, Koichi
Kumon, Hiromi
Ishikawa, Kiyohito
Hoshinaga, Kiyotaka
Egashira, Toshihisa
Naito, Seiji
Iwamura, Masatsugu
Satoh, Takefumi
Baba, Shiro
Tanaka, Kazushi
Arakawa, Soichi
Kamidono, Sadao
Matsukawa, Masanori
Takeyama, Koh
Tsukamoto, Taiji
Yasuda, Mitsuru
Ishihara, Satoshi
Deguchi, Takashi
Kiyota, Hiroshi
Onodera, Shoichi
Egawa, Shin
Yamada, Yoji
Muratani, Tetsuro
Matsumoto, Tetsuro
Keywords: Questionnaire Antimicrobial prophylaxis
Urologic surgery
Issue Date: Nov-2004
Publisher: 泌尿器科紀要刊行会
Journal title: 泌尿器科紀要
Volume: 50
Issue: 11
Start page: 779
End page: 786
Abstract: 泌尿器科周術期における抗菌薬の使用方法についてのアンケートを報告した.対象は,全国242施設の泌尿器科医局で,周術期の抗菌薬使用方法についてアンケート調査を行った.その結果,149施設149名より回答(61.6%)を得た.149名の経験年数は平均18.9年,149施設の泌尿器科病床数は平均22.4床,泌尿器科常勤医師数は平均2.6人,45施設(30%)で「周術期感染症阻止薬プロトコール」が規定されていた.抗菌薬投与のタイミングは「手術開始30分前~開始直前」が92%,「術中の追加投与」は44%であった.抗菌薬はペニシリン/第1・2世代セフェムを第一選択としたのは消化管利用手術で78%,他の術式で約90%,投与期間は3日以内が60~90%であった.内服抗菌薬の追加投与は50~60%,投与期間は消化管利用手術で7日以上,他の術式では5~7日であった.以上,泌尿器科医師の周術期感染阻止薬に対する意識は標準化されてきたと考えられた
In order to establish an acceptable guideline for prevention of perioperative infection following urologic surgery, a questionnaire survey on the theory of antimicrobial prophylaxis (AMP) was conducted among urologists in Japan in February 2004. A reply was obtained from 149 urologists working for institutes located all over Japan from Hokkaido to Kyushu areas. Ninety-two percent of the urologists agreed that AMP should be administered 30 min before an incision, and 44% replied that an additional dose of AMP is required in the case of prolonged intervention. Penicillins or the 1st or 2nd generation cephems were used by 89 to 93% of the urologists in operations not including bowel segments, while 78% preferred such AMP agents in the procedures including bowel segments. AMP was terminated within 3 days in 87% for genital operations, in 70 to 76% for laparoscopic operations, in 54 to 65% for other clean or clean-contaminated operations, and in 24% for operations without the bowel segments. Especially, 58% of the urologists continued AMP for more than 5 days after operations with urinary diversion using the intestine. When compared with the previous questionnaire survey by Shinagawa et al, our survey demonstrated that standard consensus of AMP has spread widely among urologists in Japan, although the recommendations published in Europe and United States are still controversial in Japan. Thus, further well-designed clinical trials are required to establish original guidelines in Japan.
PubMed ID: 15628538
Appears in Collections:Vol.50 No.11

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