Access count of this item: 218
|Other Titles:||Clinical evaluation of the bladder tumor marker "Tu-MARK-BTA"|
|Authors:||与儀, 実夫 |
|Author's alias:||Yogi, Saneo|
Latex agglutination test
|Abstract:||1) 110例にBTAを検討した結果,感度45.6%,特異度60.9%であった.2) BTAは膀胱腫瘍では悪性度よりもむしろ浸潤度と強い関連を示し,陽性率はTis・Taでは低く,T1～T4では高い.3)膀胱腫瘍で血尿および膿尿のある症例にBTA陽性率が高かった.4) BTAと尿細胞診を組み合わせることにより,膀胱腫瘍の診断率を向上させることができる.5)本法は検査手技および判定が簡単な上,スクリーニングのみならず経過観察にも有用である|
Bladder tumor antigen (BTA) is a tumor marker isolated from the urine of individuals with TCC of the bladder. This antigen can be detected by the Tu-MARK BTA test, a simple and rapid slide latex agglutination test performed on freshly voided urine. Sensitivity and specificity of BTA were calculated, and the correlation with pathological grade, histological stage, and urinary findings were statistically evaluated (chi 2-test) in 110 patients (72 male, 38 female; age: 16-91, mean age 54.4) examined between September, 1989 and April, 1990 including 46 TCC of the bladder (primary 28, secondary 18; grade 1:10, grade 2:27, grade 3:9, pTis: 2, pTa: 2, pT1: 23, pT2: 5, pT3: 4, pT4: 2), and 64 benign diseases. Sensitivity was 45.6%, specificity was 60.9%. In bladder tumor cases a correlation was seen between BTA and stage (p less than 0.02), and between BTA and grade (P less than 0.05). The positive ratio was higher in T1-T4 (55.9%) than in Tis.Ta (p less than 0.02). A high positive ratio of BTA was seen in bladder tumor cases with hematuria (70%, p less than 0.01) and pyuria (86.7%, p less than 0.01). This method is easy and rapid and the values are highly correlated with stage. Therefore, it should be useful for not only screening but followup of bladder tumor. Furthermore, BTA in combination with urine cytology is a more useful way for diagnosing TCC of the bladder.
|Appears in Collections:||Vol.37 No.4|
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